The Elementary Particles can be divided into fermions, which are matter or antimatter particles as quarks, antiquarks, electrons, antielectrons and so on, and bosons which generally are “force particles” that mediate interactions among fermions.
Photon is an elementary particle belonging to the boson family. It is massless, stable and it has no electric charge. As a boson, it has an integer spin and it obeys to Bose-Einstein Statistics.
The photon is the gauge boson for electromagnetism. The experiments related the photons are performed thanks to the CAEN “Educational Photon Kit”.